Travel guide to Kalmykia

The Republic of Kalmykia is located in the southern Volga region by the Caspian sea, bordering the Volgograd and Astrakhan region as well as Dagestan. This is the only Buddhist region in Europe.

Kalmykia is a unique yet little known corner of Russia where buddhism rules, sand sings and antelopes roam the steppe.

Flag of Kalmykia
Quick overview
  • Population : about 265 000
  • Minority : Kalmyks
  • Capital : Elista
  • Religion : Tibetan Buddhism
  • Protected areas : Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve
  • Must try food : dzhomba, kur, bortsoki, berik
  • Best time to visit : Spring

Is Kalmykia a country ?

No, Kalmykia is an autonomous republic within the Russian Federation.

Why is Kalmykia Buddhist ?

Kalmyk people are descendants of nomad Oirats from Western Mongolia who converted to Tibetan Buddhism in the early 17th century.

What is Kalmykia known for ?

Kalmykia is known for being the only Buddhist region in Europe and home to the last eurasian antelope called saiga.